Filarete, Antonio

(Antonio Averlino; c. 1400-1469)
   Florentine architect and sculptor who began his career in Rome. There, Filarete executed the bronze doors of Old St. Peter's, a commission that proved to be a major fiasco, forcing him to leave the city. He arrived in Milan in 1456 where he immediately set out to work on the design of the Ospedale Maggiore, until recently the city's principal hospital. In 1461-1464, Filarete wrote a treatise in which he described an imaginary city called Sforzinda in honor of his patrons, the Sforza rulers of Milan. Filarete based the social structure of Sforzinda, where some vices are tolerated and harmony resides, on Plato's descriptions in the Laws of every aspect of city and suburban life. Giorgio Vasari qualified Filarete's treatise as the most ridiculous book ever written. Regardless of his assessment, the text is of significance to the history of architecture as it exerted great influence on the architectural experiments with centrally planned structures of Leonardo da Vinci and Donato Bramante, also employed by the Sfoza in Milan. It also provides insight into Renaissance attitudes toward urban planning.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Filarēte — Filarēte, Antonio Francesco di, auch Averlino genannt, ital. Bildhauer und Architekt, geboren wahrscheinlich um 1410 in Florenz, da er 22. April 1430 in die Zunft der Steinhauer von Florenz eingeschrieben wurde, erhielt 1431 vom Papst Eugen IV.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Filarete — Le Filarète Antonio di Pietro Averlino ou Averulino dit le Filarète (en Grec celui qui aime la vertu) (Florence 1400 1469 est un architecte et sculpteur florentin, qui a été théoricien de l architecture de la Renaissance italienne. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Filarete — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Filarete Torre de Filarete en Milán Nombre real Antonio di Pietro Averlino Nacimiento alrededor de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Filarete — Antonio di Pietro Averlino (c. 1400 c. 1469), also Averulino , dubbed Filarete (Greek lover of virtue ), was a Florentine architect, sculptor and architectural theorist of the Italian Renaissance. Filarete , as he is universally known, worked,… …   Wikipedia

  • FILARÈTE — «Qu’il te plaise d’accepter cet ouvrage, composé par ton architecte Antonio Averlino, florentin, qui sculpta les portes de bronze de Saint Pierre de Rome et les décora des faits mémorables de la vie de saint Pierre et saint Paul, et de celle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Filarete — Filarēte, eigentlich Antonio Averulino, ital. Baumeister und Bildhauer, geb. um 1410 zu Florenz, gest. 1470 zu Rom; verfaßte auch ein Werk über die Baukunst (1464; hg. von Öttingen, 1890) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Filarete — Filarete,   eigentlich Antonio di Pietro Averlino (Averulino), italienischer Bildhauer, Baumeister und Kunsttheoretiker, * Florenz um 1400, ✝ Rom 1469; schuf 1433 45 die reliefgeschmückte Bronzetür von Sankt Peter in Rom; ferner Porträtbüsten,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Filarete — Selpstporträt Filaretes am Portale del Filarete in St. Peter, Rom Filarete, geboren als Antonio Averlino (* um 1400 in Florenz; † um 1469 in Rom?) war ein italienischer Bildhauer, Ingenieur, Architekt und Architekturtheoretiker der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Filarete — orig. Antonio di Pietro Averlino born с 1400, Florence? died с 1469, Rome Italian architect and sculptor. In 1451 he entered the service of the duke of Milan. He designed the Ospedale Maggiore in Milan (1457–65), which is among the first… …   Universalium

  • Filarete — soprannome di Averulino, Antonio …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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